Emily Brontë was born in Thornton, near Bradford in Yorkshire, to Patrick and Maria Brontë. She was the younger sister of Charlotte Brontë and the fifth of six children. In 1847, she published her only novel, Wuthering Heights, as two volumes of a three volume set (the last volume being Agnes Grey by her sister Anne). Its innovative structure somewhat puzzled critics and although it received mixed reviews when it first came out, the book subsequently became an English literary classic.
In 1850, Charlotte edited and published Wuthering Heights as a stand-alone novel and under Emily’s real name. One of Emily’s biographers, Juliet Barker, has claimed that Charlotte destroyed the manuscript of a second novel following her death. Emily’s health, like her sisters’, had been weakened by the harsh local climate at home and at school. She caught a cold during the funeral of her brother in September, which led to tuberculosis. Refusing medical help, she died on 19 December 1848. (source: Wikipedia)