Pearl Zane Grey was an American author best known for his popular adventure novels and stories that were a basis for the Western genre in literature and the arts; he idealized the American frontier. Riders of the Purple Sage was his best-selling book. Grey became one of the first millionaire authors. With his veracity and emotional intensity, he connected with millions of readers worldwide, during peacetime and war, and inspired many Western writers who followed him. In addition to the commercial success of his printed works, they had second lives and continuing influence when adapted as films and television productions. He was a major force in shaping the myths of the Old West; his books and stories were adapted into other media, such as film and TV productions and as of 2012, 112 films, two television episodes, and a television series, Dick Powell’s Zane Grey Theater, had been made that were based loosely on Grey’s novels and short stories.